Located on the South side of Continental America, Andes is the longest mountain range in the World. The mountain range has a length of 7000 km with an area of 700 km to its maximum. Starting from the Northern countries of South America i.e. Venezuela, the mountain range move South towards the Southern tip of the continent.
In Argentina and Peru, the mountain range reaches to its maximum height even more than 6500 meters of elevation above sea level. Outside of Asia, the Andes is the only mountain range to reach beyond the height of 6500 meters above sea level. Andes is further divided into three sub ranges, i.e. the Southern, Central, and Northern range of the Andes. Aconcagua is the tallest or the highest mountain of the Andes region; moreover, the World’s highest volcanic mountain of del Salado also lies in the Andes mountain region.
Fun facts about the Andes Mountain range
There are still a few fun facts to the World’s longest mountain range of Andes; I have collected some of the facts about Andes mountains, that kids and other people should know. In the coming headings, you will read some interesting information on Andes Mountains that you haven’t read before.
- It is the longest mountain range that spans to a length of 7000 km and a width of 200-700 km at its maximum.
- Being such a long range of mountain, it spread across seven countries of South America including Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, and Argentina.
- Venezuela lies in the northern end of the Andes Mountains while Argentina lies in its Southern Tip.
- del Salado, World’s highest volcanic mountain lies in the Andes mountain region.
Andes is the longest Mountain range in the World
Highest Mountains of Andes
There are many high mountains in the region; Aconcagua is the highest mountain on Andes with an elevation of 6,962 meters above sea level. Aconcagua in Argentina is the only mountain outside Asia to reach such a great height. After Aconcagua, Ojos del Salado is the second highest mountain and highest volcanic mountain in the world. T’akaq in Peru, has the least height of 4000 meter above sea level in the Andes range.
Capital Cities in Andes
The mountainous plains of Andes hosts a few major cities of the South American Continent such as Bogota and Quito. Bogota, the capital of Colombia, and Quito, the capital of Ecuador, also lies in the Andes mountain range. There are a few other cities such as Medellin, Arequipa, La Paz, and Sucre Merida in the mountainous plains of the Andes region.
Cusco, the capital of Inca Empire
The ancient city of Cusco in Peru also lies in these mountains. Northwest of the ancient city, Sacred Valley attracts millions of visitors each year. Machu Picchu, the UNESCO World Heritage Site and the New7Wonders of the World, lies in the Sacred Valley making it an exciting destination to visit in Peru.
Mountain hikers love to trek across several different hiking destinations in the Andes ranges. The Inca Trail is the best trek to hike the Andes Mountain in Peru. Beside Inca Trail, Ausangate, Tierra del Fuego National Park, and Huascarán National Park, are also some options for hiking in the Andes Mountains.