Volcanoes are one of the few reasons of Dinosaurs disappearance from India. Mass murder due to volcanic eruption caused the disappearance a number of species of Dinosaurs in India. Rest part is played by asteroids, earth quakes, toxic gases, and multiple other contributors. After eruption of volcanoes, left behind were the massive rocks that exists in several different cities in India.
Active or extinct, 7 volcanoes in India
There are not so many active volcanoes in India. Many of volcanoes goes extinct or quiet and massive rocks and islands were made because of their eruption. Scientists yet have recorded only total of 7 volcanoes in India.
Recently erupted, Barren Island is the only active volcano in India. The volcano is located in the Andaman Island, Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Island. First eruption was recorded in 1787, then started a number of other eruptions in 1789, 1795, 1803, 1803, 1851, and so on. Recently in 2017, another eruption is recorded in the Barren Island, lower Volcanic explosively activity.
Some of the few tourists activities in Barren Island in the water surrounding the island. You can also photograph the different basalt formations, topography of post lava flows, due to eruption. Scuba divers have to go to scuba operators working at Havelock Island.
Narcondam Island also lies in the Andaman sea. It is very small island, covering an area of about 6.8 square kilometers. In the geological survey of India, Narcondam Island was classified as dormant volcano. The volcano activities has not been recorded in the recent times. In the year 2005, there was a report that says the “mud and smoke” being ejected from the Island.
People usually visit the island as a top scuba diving destination. The top places to dive include rocky ridges, slopes like chimneys, lighthouse reef, and other multiple spots.
Only a few of Fauna species are reported in the Island including, Nicobar flying fox, cnemaspis kandiana, and sea snake.
Deccan Traps is a province formed due to thousands of lava eruption 66.25 million years ago. It is one of the largest volcanic features existed on the earth. The original land formation by lava spanned to an area of 1.5 million km square, half of the size of modern India.
Due to erosion and tectonic activity, the area reduced to 500000 km square. Owing to its massive size, scientists believed that the eruption caused the release of Sulphur Dioxide and other toxic gases, which caused the climate to change, 2 degree Celsius of average drop in the climate. This started the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) extinction event, mass extinction of animals such as Dinosaurs.
Baratang is also one of the island of the Andaman sea. It lies 14 kilometers to the east of the Port Blair. Baratang is a mud volcanoe different from igneous volcano and formed only by the mug movement. Beside that it also creates an outcrop of slurry that can range to various sizes. The highest elevation in Baratang island is 76 meters.
These hills are formed due to the igneous volcanic activity. Located on the top of the Dhinodhar Hills is a tourist and pilgrimage spot. Trekking is a popular activity for people, to discover the area and record the wildlife species.
Located in the Aravalli Range, Dhosi Hills are the remnants of an extinct volcano. On the top of the volcano lies the fort built by Hemu, chief minister of Adil Shah Suri of the Suri Dynasty. There are caves, forest, and a religious site in the Dhosi Hills.
Tosham Hills were formed due to volcanic eruption, some millions of years ago. It is a popular tourist spot in the Bhiwani district, Haryana, India. These hills are a great source of minerals including potassium, uranium, thorium, tin, and many other minerals.