Sufism and poetry has influenced a large crowd of people all around the World. Even non Muslims love poetry written by famous Sufi poets. It is surprising to know that Maulana Rumi books are the most sold poetry works in the United States. Beside Maulana Rumi, there are many great Sufi poets who have written hundreds of book on Sufism. Al-Gazali, Hasan Basiri, and Ibn Arabi are a few of the poets in the early Islamic period.
15 Inspiring and famous Sufi poets of all times
Get to know some of the most influential Islamic Sufi poets. Also read about their works in Sufism and other writings.
1. Maulana Rumi
Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī or Maulana Rumi is a 13th century Islamic Sufi poet from Persia. Rumi has inspired Muslim of all the countries of the World. He is the “best selling poet” in the United States. Masnavi is the most popular book of Rumi. It is sold in many countries and translated in many different languages. Rumi died on the 17 December, 1273 in Konya. Though he died but he still lives in the heart of people who love Rumi’s teachings.
When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, but find it in the hearts of men – Maulana Rumi
Al-Ghazali a Persian poet, Islamic Jurist, philosopher, and mystic. He has written several books in Islamic jurisdiction, Sufism, Theology, and Islamic philosophy. His major works include Mizan al-‘amal, Ihya’ ulum al-din, Minhaj al-‘Abidin, and many other books.
Al-Busiri is the Sufi poet of Shadhiliyya order. His most famous poem is Qasida-Burda-Sharif that is recited by many popular Naat Khuwans in Pakistan and several other countries of the world. There are 10 chapters in the Qasida-Burda Sharif; all written to praise Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and his teachings.
4. Ibn Arabi
Ibn Arabi is a famous Arab Sufi poet, mystic, and philosopher. Diwan is the famous collection written by Ibn Arabi. Besides Diwan, Arabi also has written several other books on different subjects.
5. Ibn Taymiyyah
Ibn Taymiyyah was a Islamic Sunni teacher, jurist, and mystic of the Hanbali order, founder by Imam Ahmad-bin Hanbal. He inherited Sufism from the famous Islamic Sunni teacher, Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani. He rejected some aspects of Sufism, while he said practicing other aspects are not against the Islamic Sharia.
6. Yunus Emre
Yunus Emre was a famous Sufi poet from Turkey. He has written several poems on the greatness of Prophet Muhammad and his family. He poetry has influenced crowd of several people in different African and Asian countries. Divine love was the essence of Yunus Emre poetry.
What I desire in both worlds is the same:
You’re the one I need, you’re the one I crave.
7. Abū Sa`īd Abū-l-Khair
Abu Said Abu-i-Khair was a famous Persian poet who wrote several books on the oneness of Allah Almighty. Asrar al-Tawhid, a book written by Mohammad Ibn Monavvar reflects some of the philosophies of Abu Said Abu-I-khair. His poetry was based on verses from Quran and the narrations of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).
8. Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
Ashraf Jahangir Semnani was a Sufi poet from Chishti and Qadri order. He was born in the city of Semnan (Iran). Lataif-e-Ashrafi is the book written by Jahangir Semnani. He was a syed and his lineage goes back to the family of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). Abdul Razzaq Noor al-Ayn, grandson of Jahangir, was also a Sufi poet and one of the pupil of Jahangir.
9. Hazrat Hakim Akhtar
Hakim Akhtar was born in Atheha (UP, India). He was a teacher, poet, pharmacologist, and philosopher. He has several works in the subject of Tawhid, philosophy, theology, and other different topics. Some of the famous books of Hakim Akhtar are: Maarifat-e-Ilahiyya, Maarif-e-Mathnawi, Faizan-e-Muhabbat, Maarif-e-Rabbani, Qur’aan-o-Hadeeth kay anmool Khazany, and several other works.
10. Ghulam Fareed
Khawaja Ghulam Fareed was a Punjabi Sufi poet from Chachran, Punjab, Pakistan. He was a Sufi from the Chisti-Nizami order of Sufism. He wrote poetry in several different languages including, Punjabi, Urdu, Persian, Arabic, Saraiki, Sindhi, and Braj Bhasha. Some of his famous works include, Deewan-e-Farid, Manaqabe Mehboobia, and Fawaid Faridia. His shrine lies in the Chachran Town, Khanpur.
11. Shah Hussain
Shah Hussain was a 16th century Punjabi Sufi poet. He was the founder of Kafi form of Punjabi poetry. He wrote several poems about the love story of Heer Ranjha. Many of his poems are performed as songs by many famous Pakistani music stars including, Noor Jehan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Junoon, Kaavish, Abida Parveen, Ghulam Ali, and many other singers.
12. Sultan Bahu
Sultan Bahu was a famous Sufi poet from the Qadiri order. He has written several books in Persian and Punjabi. His famous works include, Abyat e Bahu, Nur ul Huda, Jami ul Israr, Dewaan e Bahu, and several other writing. His shrine lies near the Jhang City, Pakistan.
13. Hafez of Shiraz
Hafez of Shiraz was a popular Sufi poet from Persia. His poetry is popular in several countries including Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. His ghazals and other poetry reflects love, faith, and belongingness to your true love ones.
14. Mansur Al-Hallaj
Mansur Al-Hallaj aroused to popularity during the Abbasid Khilafat. He taught his pupil to find God inside your own self. Meaning that if you want to achieve the love of Allah, you have to understand your existence, duties, and essence. After realizing yourself from the inside, you then will be able to find Allah Almighty. If a person do everything as Allah Almighty says while rejecting all the other believes, then inside him Allah Almighty lives.
15. Syed Waheed Ashraf
Syed Waheed Ashraf was a student of Aligarh Muslim University. After completing his education he dedicated himself to the religious teachings and Sufism. He swore his allegiance to the Syed Qadeer Ahmad Ashrafiul Jilani in the Kichaucha Sharif, Uttar Pradesh, India. He was also a teacher of Arabic, Urdu, and Persian at the Aligarh University.