Many empires have raised to the power more than the other leaders of the World. However, every rise has to fall; the glory that any empire got will not stay shining forever. Centuries after centuries, strength and unity among the different areas of the kingdom was blown, turmoil begins, and everything falls to pieces. Revolts among people of different states resulted in the division of the kingdom to smaller states or unions. Same thing happened to the most powerful and greatest empires in history, which are Mongolian empire, the Great Roman Empire, and other different empires in the World.
Top 10 largest and greatest empires in history
Today, you will learn about the most powerful and greatest empires of the history. There are many different kingdoms that existed in the World, but now they are in the pages of your history book. There are a few still ruling, but their borders are reduced to almost nothing as compared to their previous rule. In the next few headings, you will read about each of the most powerful empire every existed in the map of the World.
The Mongolian empire is the largest contiguous empire every ruled in the World. Many forces have failed, even the German, as they moved into Russia, but the Mongols had conquered and ruled it until the end of its days. But conquering and ruling two countries in the World is the most difficult job to do, even for Mongols, i.e. Russia and Afghanistan. About Afghanistan, Alexander quoted,
To enter into the borders of Afghanistan is the easiest job for my campaign, but to leave it was the most difficult one.
Mongol also entered their forces into the Russian border, conquered it, but again, you can’t rule it, if you don’t know how to rule Russia.
The British empire is the largest ever ruling empire in the World. It says,
The sun never sets in the British Empire.
But you can’t rule forever in such a big dominion. One day your glory will also be faded away like the others in the history. There were several reasons for the fall of the British Empire. They faced revolutionary wars against the American colonies. They also fought the revolutionary war started by Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindus of sub-continental India. But the biggest reason of the British fall was the war and economies loss in WWI and WWII.
The Great Roman Empire had the control of several regions of the World. The two regions of Rome, i.e. the Western Roman Empire and eastern Empire were ruled by different Roman generals. The Romans victories in the era of Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey, led it to rule several dominions in the World. The fall of the empire had several different reasons, including political corruptions, war losses, revolts, economic turmoil, and invasions by Goth and Muslims. Nevertheless, The Great Roman Empire will be remembered as one of the most powerful empire of its time.
Spanish was also one of the largest and most powerful empires of the history. The empire reached to utmost glory under the rule of the Spanish Habsburgs, house of the Bourbons. It was the first one to be called as
the empire on which the sun never sets
The Spanish forces conquered several colonies in the Americas, Oceania, Asia, and Africas. But the wars against British, French, Italians, Ottomans, and several other forces destroyed its superiority over the other reigns of its age.
French Colonial Empire
Since the start of the 11th century, French has been a powerful nation, as they have fought British, Scandinavians, Spanish, and Ottoman rulers. It has faced many superpowers in the 17th, 18th, and the 19th century. Most of its control was in the Americas, Africa, and small portions of Europe.
Successor of the Mongol empire, Yuan dynasty was established by the Genghis Khan great grandson, Kublai Khan. It includes the present time China, Mongolia, and South Korea in its borders. After he passed away, the empire started to lost its control. There are many contributors to the loss of the empire, including, feminine, wars, revolts, and economic losses.
Qing dynasty was the last ruling dynasty of China, after which Republic of China was renounced as the new government, ruling the China mainland. The Republic of China faced several difficulties, especially during the first half of the 20th century, as Japanese intervened into the Chinese affair. Later in 1949, People’s Republic of China was renounced as a free state and Mao Tse Tung, founding father of the republic took the seat of the Chairman of the new state.
After the events of WWII, Russian empire was the second biggest economy of the World. America and the USSR are now lying in the opposite ends of the pike. But the USSR invasion of Afghanistan turned to be a nightmare as Afghan Taliban fought against the Soviet soldiers. American troops and funds help the Afghans to win the war against the USSR. War ended by the division of the USSR to several states and the present day Russia. Even though, it is still one of the biggest stakeholders in the World.
Rashiduddin Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, and Ummayyad Caliphate
It began after Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) inspired and converted people to Islam. His followers fought many wars against the opposing people of Quraish, Tribes of Jews, Romans, and the Persian Empire. Abbasid caliphate was founded by one of the followers of Muhammad (P.B.U.H), i.e. Abbas of the Quraish tribe. Ummayad Caliphate was founded by family of Umayah, followers of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.M). Wars between Romans, Persians, and kings of Egypt was the result of their denial of the Muslim ruler. They have the liberty to accept Islam or to be ruled under the Muslim empire. Denial of the norms of the religion was the reason of the fall of Muslim control in different parts of the World. Islam denies kingship, making palaces, wealth, and other luxuries of life. Caliph should be pious, peace loving, and devoted to his people.
Portuguese also built a huge empire covering 38 states in Africa, 3 in North America, 7 in South and Central America, 2 states in Europe, and 23 states in Asia and Oceania. It also faced the same enemies of Britain, Spain, and Ottomans during the era of its rule.